Affordable Housing

Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision.

Brownfield Site/Previously Developed Land

Land which has been previously developed with some form of permanent structure.


A group of people living in a particular local area.

Conservation Area

An area designated as being of special architectural or historic interest. Within a conservation area, there are strengthened controls over demolition, minor development and the protection of trees. Local planning authorities have a duty to preserve and enhance conservation areas.


In planning terms, any area outside a defined Settlement Policy Boundary (see Settlement Policy Boundary) is countryside where more restrictive policies would generally be applied.


Land which has never been developed in any way


Infrastructure is the basic physical structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society, for example, roads, power supplies, and communications, etc.

Market Housing

Private housing for rent or for sale, where the price is set on the open market.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

The NPPF sets out the Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied at the local level.

Open Space

Land which is not built on and which has some amenity value or potential for amenity value. Amenity value is derived from the visual, recreational or other enjoyment which the open space can provide, such as historic and cultural interest and value. This includes open spaces in public or private ownership.

Sense of Place

Creating somewhere that is recognisably distinct but simultaneously strengthens local distinctiveness.


A settlement typically consists of a village, comprised of more than a group of houses, or farmstead, including at least one service or facility, such as a village hall, public house or school.

Settlement Policy Boundary (SPB)

Boundary surrounding a settlement which separates the main built-up area from the open countryside. In general, there is a presumption in favour of development within the Settlement Policy Boundary. Outside of an SPB is defined as open Countryside, (please see definition of Countryside), where development is more tightly controlled

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assesment (SHLAA)

The primary purpose of the SHLAA is to:

  • identify sites with the potential for housing
  • assess how many homes they could provide and
  • assess when they could be developed.

The SHLAA is an important evidence source to inform plan-making but does not in itself determine whether a site should be allocated for housing development.

Sustainable Development

The government’s National Planning Policy Framework defines sustainable development as:

SOCIAL: supporting strong, vibrant and healthy communities by meeting present and future housing needs; and by providing a built environment and local services that support the community’s health, social and cultural wellbeing.

ECONOMIC: building a strong economy by making sufficient land available in a way that supports growth and innovation; and by identifying and coordinating the provision of infrastructure.

ENVIRONMENTAL: protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment by improving biodiversity, using natural resources prudently and responding to climate change.

UK planning policy requires a “presumption in favour of sustainable development.”

Village Design Statement (VDS)

A Village Design Statement is a practical tool to help influence decisions on design and development, that is developed, researched, written, and edited by local people and is considered representative of the views of the village as a whole.